Life in modern cities inevitably disconnects people from their natural environment. This effects everybody’s  psychological, emotional and health state. Global tendencies to save and protect nature find their way in the everyday life of the city dwelling humans – in the need and aspiration to bring nature among the buildings. Due to the huge density of buildings, actively landscaping is exported in vertical direction. Roof gardens, facade flowering, vertical landscaping and the newest compositions – vertical gardening are becoming more and more the center of attention in the design and construction of buildings. In enclosed spaces, that tendency is also not lacking. The natural aspiration of the human being to connect with nature provides additional push in the development of inovations in the field of interior landscaping. Arranging the plants in containers becomes inappropriate due to the need for conserving space, resources and time for maintenance, as well as getting the desired decorative effect. Already, even in our country people are looking for the comfort of a harmonic environment, in the basis of which are several principles – healthy atmosphere, nature-friendly technology and satisfying aesthetic needs. The priority is to create the feeling of a maximum amount of “nature” at a minimal cost of space and resources.

“Vertical garden” is a term coined by Patrick Blanc ( French botanist and explorer ) in the 80s. He puts in that concept, a certain biological, technological and compositional meaning, as well as deep philosophical sense. This type of composition represents a vertical plane on which plants are planted, but without any substrate whatsoever. Rooting on such a surface is done on a nonwoven fabric, which is water-permeable, porous and non toxic. It recreates natural conditions, optimal for the plants used ( not every plant is appropriate for a vertical garden !). Blanc defends the idea, that when people are presented with a part of nature in their urbanized environment, independently from their gender, age, social status, nationality and cultural development,  admire and feel the nature.

Building and maintaining the vertical garden is a specific and complex task. It requires detailed knowledge of the ecological requirements of each plant, particularities of their feeding and phytocenotic relationships, which would develop between them.  For example : A large number of epiphites are used in the interior – species that traditionaly are grown in pots, rather atypical for them! The vertical garden provides a way of growing, closest to the natural conditions for the particular group of plants. Their ecological requirements are satisfied in a much greater degree than growing them in pots.


The principle of creating a vertical garden comes from nature, and that is a guarantee for success!

landscaping architect Mariela Shahanova –

University of Forestry Sofia, e-mail:

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